Oil and Gas Pipelines/Pressure Monitoring and Metering

Application Background

Public gas distribution utilities have a need to monitor the performance of their pipe networks to ensure the correct delivery of gas, and to ensure pressures and flows are maintained for safety and other compliance reasons. They also need to meter gas which is sold to customers. Oil companies have very long pipelines which traverse often very remote regions. Pressures, temperature and other parameters along these pipelines need to be monitored regularly.

Application Detail

Gas networks operate different pressure and flow pipelines, in a similar way as electricity utilities have different levels of high voltage and lower voltage electricity towers and transmission systems. Pressure sensors attached to pipelines typically have 0-5V or 4-20mA outputs. Sensor readings can be collected by Neon Remote Logger routinely, say every 5, 10 or 15 minutes and transmitted via the cell phone or a satellite network to a Neon server.

More complex flow meters / flow computers are often installed at various points in the network and these may have outputs and inputs using Modbus protocol. The system can be set up so that Neon Remote System acts as Modbus Master that collects and presents Modbus Slaves’ (sensors) data or that it acts as Modbus Slave that collects and presents sensor data as Modbus TCP for SCADA Modbus Master ingestion.

Metering information is also important to keep track of, especially for high use customers. While low use customers may have a manual gas meter read quarterly by a meter reading person, high use customers typically have larger meters with pulse outputs for every unit of gas delivered. In these circumstances, the metering pulses can be fed into a Neon Remote Logger and totalled up, so that total gas usage per day, total gas usage per hour and perhaps gas usage in peak and off peak times can be recorded. This data can be stored locally in the Neon Remote Logger and sent to the Neon Server, perhaps daily, so that that data can be used for billing purposes.

For very remote pipelines a Neon Remote Logger Satellite can be used to measure and report pressures at various points as it is unlikely that there would be any cellular coverage in remote areas. Such systems would be independently powered as there would be no mains power in remote areas.

Oil pipelines would typically have Rosemount or other brands of pressure and temperature sensors, at regular points, along pipelines. Very often oil pipelines have pumping stations that are strategically located to boost internal pipeline pressure and flow. Electrically driven pumping units are typically controlled by industrial RTUs utilising Modbus protocol. Neon Remote Logger can be set up to read Modbus registers regularly, perhaps every 5 minutes and to routinely transmit that data to a Neon Server every 10 or 15 minutes.
The measured data for all of these applications would be shown on a Neon Application, using a web browser and is accessible from anywhere in the world.

Typically large corporations would have a SCADA system to control processes, directly interact with instruments (pumps, sensors) and record events. Having information, for example pump failure, available in real time helps alleviate system downtime. Immediately available as well as regularly collected data can be used for long term production analysis and production optimization. Dynamic reporting system within the Neon Application, which provides output of any fresh data every minute, or custom application that directly interrogates the Neon Application SQL data base make the Neon system easy to integrate with the existing control system.

Consideration also needs to be given to hazardous area requirements. Typically oil and gas sensors need to be intrinsic safe (IS). Intrinsically safe equipment contains intrinsically safe circuits which means that any arc or spark produced under normal or specified fault conditions is not capable of igniting any flammable atmosphere that may be present.
Non-certified equipment, when connected to IS equipment, must be ether:
• low energy device which is incapable of storing, generating or releasing energy greater than 1.5V, 100mA, or 25mW under normal or fault conditions.
or
• connected to IS equipment using a safety barrier that provides energy limitation to field circuits.

Typical Configuration

Options for Application Specific Instruments / InputsUnidata Part NumberDescription
Customised Pressure SensorsCustom PartCustom Pressure inc Vacuum Sensors, Custom Output V, 4-20mA

Options for Neon Telemetry - NRL / NRT / RTU / Field UnitsUnidata Part NumberDescription
Neon Remote Logger 16 Channels3016AOptions Available: 3G/4G Cellular, Ethernet, Globalstar, Inmarsat, Iridium SBD and LoRa
Neon Remote Logger 8 Channels3008AOptions Available: 3G/4G Cellular, Ethernet, Globalstar, Inmarsat, Iridium SBD and LoRa
Neon Remote Logger 4 Channels3004AOptions Available: 3G/4G Cellular
Neon Remote Logger 4 Channels M Series3004A-MOptions Available: 3G/4G Cellular, Ethernet, Microsatellite, Iridium SBD and LoRa
Cellular RTU 3G/4G2013F-AB03 / 2013F-AB04Neon Metering Module 3G/4G with Antenna and Li Battery
Cellular RTU 3G/4G - Industrial2016F-AB03 / 2016F-AB04Neon Remote Terminal 3G/4G with Antenna and Li Battery
Low Earth Orbit Satellite Globalstar2015F-AB0NRT Satellite Globalstar Modem with Antenna and three Li Batteries
Ethernet2017F-0B0-1 or 3NRT Ethernet with single or triple Ethernet Ports with three Li Batteries
Equatorial Orbit Satellite - Inmarsat2018F-AB0-1 or 3NRT Ethernet with single or triple Ethernet Ports with three Li Batteries
LCD Display2500ENRT LCD Display
NRT Field Termination Strip2103F2015F,2016F,2017F, and 2018F NRT FTS
NRT Firmware Option2303A-8M8M Extended Memory Option
NRT Firmware Option2303A-8M-CAM8M Extended Memory & Serial Camera Option
NRT Firmware Option2303A-CAMSerial Camera Option

Options for Neon Application Software - Customer ServerUnidata Part NumberDescription
Neon Application Software2302ANeon Server Software Licence Incl 5 NAL
Neon Application Software2302A-10Additional 10 NRT Access Licences
Neon Application Software2302A-20Additional 20 NRT Access Licences
Neon Application Software2302A-50Additional 50 NRT Access Licences

Options for Neon Application Software - Unidata ServerUnidata Part NumberDescription
Neon Application Software2301ANeon Data Initial Subscription Setup Fee
Neon Hosting Service2301A-01Neon Data Service Fee for 1-50 NRTs
Neon Hosting Service2301A-02Neon Data Service Fee for 51-100 NRTs
Neon Hosting Service2301A-10Neon Data Service Fee Metering

Options for Conventional Dataloggers / Field UnitsUnidata Part NumberDescription
Neon Remote Logger 16 Analog Channels / Touch Screen Display3016A-00016 Ch NRL (Superseded Prologger 7001D)
Neon Remote Logger 8 Analog Channels / Touch Screen Display3008A-0008 Ch NRL (Superseded Stalogger 6004D)
Neon Remote Logger 4 Analog Channels / Touch Screen Display3004A-0004 Ch NRL (Superseded Micrologger 8010C)
Starlog V4 Management Software6308A-AUEStarlog V4 Full Licence Key