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Gas buildup in underground mines is very dangerous as it can cause explosions which can result in injury or loss of life for mine workers. Such explosions are also costly as mine tunnels, mine shafts and expensive mining equipment can be destroyed.
Mines have ventilation equipment to ensure there is no gas buildup but the control of these ventilation systems is difficult if there is no information on the gas levels within the mine.
This application note details how monitoring in a mine may be achieved.
There are many manufacturers of gas monitoring equipment. One such manufacturer is Draeger which provides explosion proof and intrinsically safe gas monitors to measure noxious gases such as CO, CO2, NO, H2S, SO2 as well as O2 and N.
These instruments typically provide a 4-20mA analog output or a Modbus output which can be read by Neon Remote Terminal or Module routinely, perhaps every 1, 5 or 10 minutes to be logged, alarm limit checked and then transmitted via a communication channels to a Neon Server on a regular schedule, perhaps every 5 minutes.
Underground mines typically have one or more mine shafts and many tunnels leading from those mine shafts and one or more ventilation shafts. Neon Remote Terminal or Module Gas Monitor Stations can be set up at many different locations within the mine to monitor gas and other local conditions, such as temperature, humidity and perhaps dust and sound.
Underground mines generally have an existing communications system within the mine. Old mines had wired systems, like a telephone. Modern mines have wireless communications systems either cell phone based or standard 802. WiFi based, with a leaky feeder / leaky coax antenna throughout the mine, and WiFi access points.
The Neon Remote Terminal / WiFi can be used in this application with data being transferred from the Neon Remote Terminals via the existing WiFi system to a Neon Server within the Mine Administration building on the surface.
The Neon Server can be used to check gas and other ambient parameters at each measuring station / at each Neon Remote Terminal and display information on a standard web browser and on a schematic diagram of the overall mine to highlight any out of limit ambient or gas parameter.
The Neon Remote Terminal can also be programmed to increase or decrease ventilation in the mine based on the current measurements.
The Neon Server can be set up to check incoming data for any out of limit conditions and activate an alarm. Alarm actions can be set up to activate visual or audible alarm indicators. Alarm actions can also be set up to email and text mine staff and mine safety officers to alert them of any out of limit / any dangerous conditions.
|Options for Application Specific Instruments / Inputs||Unidata Part Number||Description|
|Drager Gas Detection Instruments||Drager MiniWarn||CO2/CO Gas Monitor|
|Drager Gas Detection Instruments||Drager PAC 3000/5000/7000 Monitor||CO2/CO Gas Monitor|
|Options for Neon Telemetry - NRL / NRT / RTU / Field Units||Unidata Part Number||Description|
|Neon Remote Logger 16 Channels||3016A||Options Available: 3G/4G Cellular, Ethernet, Globalstar, Inmarsat, Iridium SBD and LoRa|
|Neon Remote Logger 8 Channels||3008A||Options Available: 3G/4G Cellular, Ethernet, Globalstar, Inmarsat, Iridium SBD and LoRa|
|Neon Remote Logger 4 Channels||3004A||Options Available: 3G/4G Cellular|
|Neon Remote Logger 4 Channels M Series||3004A-M||Options Available: 3G/4G Cellular, Ethernet, Microsatellite, Iridium SBD and LoRa|
|Cellular RTU 3G/4G||2013F-AB03 / 2013F-AB04||Neon Metering Module 3G/4G with Antenna and Li Battery|
|Cellular RTU 3G/4G - Industrial||2016F-AB03 / 2016F-AB04||Neon Remote Terminal 3G/4G with Antenna and Li Battery|
|Low Earth Orbit Satellite Globalstar||2015F-AB0||NRT Satellite Globalstar Modem with Antenna and three Li Batteries|
|Ethernet||2017F-0B0-1 or 3||NRT Ethernet with single or triple Ethernet Ports with three Li Batteries|
|Equatorial Orbit Satellite - Inmarsat||2018F-AB0-1 or 3||NRT Ethernet with single or triple Ethernet Ports with three Li Batteries|
|LCD Display||2500E||NRT LCD Display|
|NRT Field Termination Strip||2103F||2015F,2016F,2017F, and 2018F NRT FTS|
|NRT Firmware Option||2303A-8M||8M Extended Memory Option|
|NRT Firmware Option||2303A-8M-CAM||8M Extended Memory & Serial Camera Option|
|NRT Firmware Option||2303A-CAM||Serial Camera Option|
|Options for Neon Application Software - Customer Server||Unidata Part Number||Description|
|Neon Application Software||2302A||Neon Server Software Licence Incl 5 NAL |
|Neon Application Software||2302A-10||Additional 10 NRT Access Licences|
|Neon Application Software||2302A-20||Additional 20 NRT Access Licences|
|Neon Application Software||2302A-50||Additional 50 NRT Access Licences|
|Options for Neon Application Software - Unidata Server||Unidata Part Number||Description|
|Neon Application Software||2301A||Neon Data Initial Subscription Setup Fee|
|Neon Hosting Service||2301A-01||Neon Data Service Fee for 1-50 NRTs|
|Neon Hosting Service||2301A-02||Neon Data Service Fee for 51-100 NRTs|
|Neon Hosting Service||2301A-10||Neon Data Service Fee Metering|
|Options for Conventional Dataloggers / Field Units||Unidata Part Number||Description|
|Neon Remote Logger 16 Analog Channels / Touch Screen Display||3016A-000||16 Ch NRL (Superseded Prologger 7001D)|
|Neon Remote Logger 8 Analog Channels / Touch Screen Display||3008A-000||8 Ch NRL (Superseded Stalogger 6004D)|
|Neon Remote Logger 4 Analog Channels / Touch Screen Display||3004A-000||4 Ch NRL (Superseded Micrologger 8010C)|
|Starlog V4 Management Software||6308A-AUE||Starlog V4 Full Licence Key|