Oil Beam Pump and ESP Pump Monitoring

Application Background

Oil companies often have very remote oil pumps which are difficult to monitor using traditional Remote Terminal Unit (RTU) equipment because there is no hard wired communication channel available to connect to a central Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system.
For long oil pipelines, oil companies have strategically located pumping stations that boost internal pipeline pressure and flow. In order to avoid disruptions in production and transportation it is important to have a pump’s condition status information available in real time. Since such sites are quite often very remote telemetry data collection system is required.

Application Detail

A typical remote oil beam pump installation would have a pump, a pump engine (diesel) and a pump controller. The pump controller typically would have a small RTU with a Modbus interface and measurement sensors attached, usually 4-20mA analog temperature and pressure sensors.
There are many different brands and types of oil pumps, for example there are beam pumps, jet pumps and electrically submersible pumps. All of these have some form of pump / engine controller. Some have individual sensors typically 4-20mA analog inputs and some have more complex Remote Terminal Unit (RTU) controllers with Modbus interfaces. Some also have control outputs, for example a control output to force a pump shutdown in an emergency. Unidata has worked with Weatherford EPIC, Lufkin SAM and smaller providers of such systems. All of these pump monitoring systems have Modbus parameters which can be collected and monitored remotely.

There may also be requirements to monitor older pumps without sophisticated controller systems. In these circumstances, the individual sensors would need to be installed and monitored. Instruments measuring pressure, temperature, fuel levels, voltages may be attached to analog and digital inputs of a Neon Remote Logger which will routinely collect data and report on it. Perhaps there is an electrically submersible pump that needs to be monitored. This could be accomplished by adding a clamp on the current transformer of the pump power supply, so the pump power input can be monitored, across three phases. The measured data can indicate the pump load and working condition.
The Neon Remote Loggers can be set up to monitor the analog and digital sensors and store readings and operating parameters locally. In most cases, the data is sent on a regular (5,10 or 15 minutes) basis to a central Neon Server to be viewed on a web browser, and sent to associated systems within an organization responsible for managing the oil pumps.

Typically such organization would have an immediate need to display the data on their SCADA systems and they would have a longer term need to analyse the performance data to determine the long term efficiency of the well. Dynacard graphs are very valuable indicator of beam pump operation and well condition. The Dynacard can be extracted from the Oil Pump controller, passed through the Neon Remote Logger and displayed on the neon Applications Software Web browser.
The data could also be scanned for any out of limit condition. The Neon Remote Logger will scan data for any out of limits conditions and, in an instance that any occur, the NRL will activate an alarm and send an email or a text message to the allocated people to take appropriate action.

It is important to consider the power requirements of the site. If primary power is available, only a small battery would be added to the system to act as a backup, in case the primary power is disrupted. If primary power is not easily accessible, the system can be powered by a lithium battery pack or a rechargeable solar power system.
Depending on the instruments chosen, the lithium battery pack (non-rechargeable) can provide independent power source for up to 2 years. The Solar power system consists of a rechargeable lead acid sealed battery, a solar panel and a solar controller. Solar power systems should be properly rated for the instruments used and as such will provide long-term power solutions.

There needs to be some consideration on requirements for intrinsic safe instruments in this application. Any direct sensors connected to an oil pump would, most likely, need to be intrinsic safe. Furthermore, the wiring from them will need intrinsic safe barriers fitted as well. The specific requirements for each installation need consideration, but generally, it is likely that the Neon Remote Logger system would be located just outside the zone for intrinsic safe equipment.

Typical Configuration

Options for Application Specific Instruments / InputsUnidata Part NumberDescription
Customised Pressure SensorsCustom PartCustom Pressure inc Vacuum Sensors, Custom Output V, 4-20mA
Modbus RTUModbus RTU

Options for Neon Telemetry - NRL / NRT / RTU / Field UnitsUnidata Part NumberDescription
Neon Remote Logger 16 Channels3016AOptions Available: 3G/4G Cellular, Ethernet, Globalstar, Inmarsat, Iridium SBD and LoRa
Neon Remote Logger 8 Channels3008AOptions Available: 3G/4G Cellular, Ethernet, Globalstar, Inmarsat, Iridium SBD and LoRa
Neon Remote Logger 4 Channels3004AOptions Available: 3G/4G Cellular
Neon Remote Logger 4 Channels M Series3004A-MOptions Available: 3G/4G Cellular, Ethernet, Microsatellite, Iridium SBD and LoRa
Cellular RTU 3G/4G2013F-AB03 / 2013F-AB04Neon Metering Module 3G/4G with Antenna and Li Battery
Cellular RTU 3G/4G - Industrial2016F-AB03 / 2016F-AB04Neon Remote Terminal 3G/4G with Antenna and Li Battery
Low Earth Orbit Satellite Globalstar2015F-AB0NRT Satellite Globalstar Modem with Antenna and three Li Batteries
Ethernet2017F-0B0-1 or 3NRT Ethernet with single or triple Ethernet Ports with three Li Batteries
Equatorial Orbit Satellite - Inmarsat2018F-AB0-1 or 3NRT Ethernet with single or triple Ethernet Ports with three Li Batteries
LCD Display2500ENRT LCD Display
NRT Field Termination Strip2103F2015F,2016F,2017F, and 2018F NRT FTS
NRT Firmware Option2303A-8M8M Extended Memory Option
NRT Firmware Option2303A-8M-CAM8M Extended Memory & Serial Camera Option
NRT Firmware Option2303A-CAMSerial Camera Option

Options for Neon Application Software - Customer ServerUnidata Part NumberDescription
Neon Application Software2302ANeon Server Software Licence Incl 5 NAL
Neon Application Software2302A-10Additional 10 NRT Access Licences
Neon Application Software2302A-20Additional 20 NRT Access Licences
Neon Application Software2302A-50Additional 50 NRT Access Licences

Options for Neon Application Software - Unidata ServerUnidata Part NumberDescription
Neon Application Software2301ANeon Data Initial Subscription Setup Fee
Neon Hosting Service2301A-01Neon Data Service Fee for 1-50 NRTs
Neon Hosting Service2301A-02Neon Data Service Fee for 51-100 NRTs
Neon Hosting Service2301A-10Neon Data Service Fee Metering

Options for Conventional Dataloggers / Field UnitsUnidata Part NumberDescription
Neon Remote Logger 16 Analog Channels / Touch Screen Display3016A-00016 Ch NRL (Superseded Prologger 7001D)
Neon Remote Logger 8 Analog Channels / Touch Screen Display3008A-0008 Ch NRL (Superseded Stalogger 6004D)
Neon Remote Logger 4 Analog Channels / Touch Screen Display3004A-0004 Ch NRL (Superseded Micrologger 8010C)
Starlog V4 Management Software6308A-AUEStarlog V4 Full Licence Key