Tsunami Early Warning System

Application Notes

Application Background                                                                                                                                      Printer Friendly Version

Natural disasters such as tsunamis often occur without warning to people living on or close to the coastline. In such circumstances, personal injury and death may occur. Any early warning of an approaching tsunami is very important.

Tsunami Early Warning System - Evacuation Procedure

Depending on the coastline, a tsunami may arrive at one location before arriving at another location; hence observation points along the coastline can be equipped with a system to allow an observer to activate notice of an impending tsunami.

Unidata 2018E Inmarsat Satellite Tsunami Early Warning System

Often there will be a central authority which maintains contact with ocean based tsunami monitors and the staff at that central authority may also have knowledge of an approaching tsunami.

Application Detail

Unidata equipment, primarily Neon Remote Terminals and Modules can be set up with cell phone or satellite internet connections to provide two specific early warning functions, local activation of an alarm and central activation of an alarm.
For local activation of an alarm on sighting of an approaching tsunami, a person can go to the Tsunami Early Warning Equipment (TEWE) located on or near the shore and operate a button which activates the local alarm siren, strobe light and communicates that alarm to the central Neon Server by cell phone or satellite.

Upon receipt of the alarm at the central location, authorities can then choose to manually activate other TEWE at different locations, perhaps in the same region, to alert the people in the area of the approaching tsunami.

Tsunami Early Warning System - Datalogger Equipment

The centrally located system personnel may choose to activate all or a selected regional subset of the remotely located TEWE on advice from other local authorities or a central ocean Tsunami Warning Centre.

Tsunami Early Warning System - Tsunami Detection Station

The TEWE includes a Neon Remote Terminal or Module, a small redundant solar charging system, a redundant battery system, a high power siren, capable of sending an audible warning signal more than 1km away and a high intensity strobe warning light capable of being seen up to 2km away.

The TEWE is a complete package, capable of being installed on or close to the coast.

The TEWE systems routinely communicate with the central Neon Server to confirm operational status on an hourly basis.

Tsunami Early Warning System - Destruction

Typical Configuration

Options for Application Specific Instruments / InputsUnidata Part NumberDescription
StrobesCustom PartAs per customer requirements
SirensCustom PartAs per customer requirements
Options for Neon Telemetry - NRT / RTU / Field UnitsUnidata Part NumberDescription
Cellular RTU 3G2013F-AB03Neon Metering Module 3G with Antenna and Li Battery
Cellular RTU 4G2013F-AB04Neon Metering Module 4G with Antenna and Li Battery
Cellular RTU 3G - Industrial2016F-AB03Neon Remote Terminal 3G with Antenna and Li Battery
Cellular RTU 4G - Industrial2016F-AB04Neon Remote Terminal 4G with Antenna and Li Battery
Low Earth Orbit Satellite Globalstar2015E-AB0Neon Remote Terminal - Satellite Globalstar Modem with Antenna and three Li Batteries
Ethernet2017E-0B0-1 or 3NRT Ethernet with single or triple Ethernet Ports
with three Li Batteries
Equatorial Orbit Satellite - Inmarsat2018E-AB0-1 or 3NRT Ethernet with single or triple Ethernet Ports
with three Li Batteries
LCD Display2500ENRT LCD Display
NRT Field Termination Strip2103F2015E,2016F,2017E, and 2018E NRT FTS
NRT Firmware Option2303A-8M8M Extended Memory Option
NRT Firmware Option2303A-8M-CAM8M Extended Memory & Serial Camera Option
NRT Firmware Option2303A-CAMSerial Camera Option
Options for Neon Application Software - Customer ServerUnidata Part NumberDescription
Neon Application Software2302ANeon Server Software Licence Incl 5 NAL
Neon Application Software2302A-10Additional 10 NRT Access Licences
Neon Application Software2302A-20Additional 20 NRT Access Licences
Neon Application Software2302A-50Additional 50 NRT Access Licences
Options for Neon Application Software - Unidata ServerUnidata Part NumberDescription
Neon Application Software2301ANeon Data Initial Subscription Setup Fee
Neon Hosting Service2301A-01Neon Data Service Fee for 1-50 NRTs
Neon Hosting Service2301A-02Neon Data Service Fee for 51-100 NRTs
Neon Hosting Service2301A-10Neon Data Service Fee Metering
Options for Conventional Dataloggers / Field UnitsUnidata Part NumberDescription
Standards Starlogger6004D-11Red Logger 512K with Alkaline Battery
Display Starlogger6004D-21Blue Logger 512K with LCD and Alkaline Battery
Prologger7001D-11Green Logger 1M with LCD and Alkaline Battery
Micrologger8010C-EURMicrologger 512K
Starlogger Field Termination Strip6103E6004D FTS
Prologger Field Termination Strip7100E7001D FTS
Starlog V4 Management Software6308A-AUEStarlog V4 Full Licence Key