Flood Monitoring / Flood Alerts

Application Background                                                                                                                                         Printer Friendly Version

Early warning of flood conditions is vital to avoid any personal safety incidents and to mitigate damage to crops and infrastructure generally.

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Unidata IP Datalogger and Camera Flood Monitoring Solution/Alerts
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Careful measurement of upstream river levels assists with predicting flood levels and the timing of flood peaks. Alarm systems which alert key staff allows for better planning and reduces the impact of flood events.

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A resilient and redundant telemetry system is crucial for such systems. In flood events local power and local cell tower infrastructure may also be damaged by the flood event. The telemetry systems using satellite infrastructure and systems with independent power systems are the best to ensure the measurement stations survive the flood event.

Application Detail

River level monitoring is routine and can be achieved through various methods, the most common being on float and pulley / shaft encoder instrument at a convenient point inside a stilling well. Unidata’s 6541C is an appropriate instrument for this purpose.

A Neon Remote Terminal or Module can be used at each level monitoring station to read and transmit the river level data to a Neon Server routinely, typically every 5, 10 or 30 minutes. When the data arrives at the Neon Server, it can be viewed on a standard web browser. The data can be checked automatically for any out of limit / any high river level readings and an appropriate alarm action can be set up. Typically a high level could cause an email or a text message to be sent to key staff, and the messages can be set up with escalation processes, if the operation does not acknowledge the alarm. In these circumstances, the alarm will be sent to other staff on a hierarchy basis until one person acknowledges the alarm.

Monitoring stations may also include a camera, low definition image, high definition image or low frame rate video to provide further feedback as to the river conditions.

In flood conditions, primary power often fails, so the river level monitoring instrument and the Neon remote terminal or module should have an independent power source, typically this would be a solar panel and battery, and perhaps a lithium emergency battery as a further power backup.

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Consideration should be also given to the choice of communications channel for the Neon Remote Terminal or Module. In flood conditions, cell towers are also at risk of failure. If a cell tower fails in a region, its failure could cause several measurement stations using that cell tower to fail also. A satellite based system eliminates this risk and should be considered for some river measurement stations.

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A river measurement station could also be set up for a Neon Remote Terminal or Module to use the cell tower as the primary communications channel and another satellite based channel could be available as a backup to make the system more resilient.

During flood conditions, it is often important to illuminate warning lights / warning signs and or audible alarms. The Neon Remote Terminal or Module can be configured to provide such control functions on local alarm and / or on a command from the Neon Server.

Typical Configuration

Options for Application Specific Instruments / InputsUnidata Part NumberDescription
Water Level Instrument6541C-11WLI with 500mm Pulley & Alk Batt Metric (Imperial version available)
Float6541F-115WLI Float - Cylinder 115mm (other options available)
Float Line6541D-MWLI Beaded Floatline Metric (Imperial version available)
Options for Neon Telemetry - NRT / RTU / Field UnitsUnidata Part NumberDescription
Cellular RTU 3G2013F-AB03Neon Metering Module 3G with Antenna and Li Battery
Cellular RTU 4G2013F-AB04Neon Metering Module 4G with Antenna and Li Battery
Cellular RTU 3G - Industrial2016F-AB03Neon Remote Terminal 3G with Antenna and Li Battery
Cellular RTU 4G - Industrial2016F-AB04Neon Remote Terminal 4G with Antenna and Li Battery
Low Earth Orbit Satellite Globalstar2015E-AB0Neon Remote Terminal - Satellite Globalstar Modem with Antenna and three Li Batteries
Ethernet2017E-0B0-1 or 3NRT Ethernet with single or triple Ethernet Ports
with three Li Batteries
Equatorial Orbit Satellite - Inmarsat2018E-AB0-1 or 3NRT Ethernet with single or triple Ethernet Ports
with three Li Batteries
LCD Display2500ENRT LCD Display
NRT Field Termination Strip2103F2015E,2016F,2017E, and 2018E NRT FTS
NRT Firmware Option2303A-8M8M Extended Memory Option
NRT Firmware Option2303A-8M-CAM8M Extended Memory & Serial Camera Option
NRT Firmware Option2303A-CAMSerial Camera Option
Options for Neon Application Software - Customer ServerUnidata Part NumberDescription
Neon Application Software2302ANeon Server Software Licence Incl 5 NAL
Neon Application Software2302A-10Additional 10 NRT Access Licences
Neon Application Software2302A-20Additional 20 NRT Access Licences
Neon Application Software2302A-50Additional 50 NRT Access Licences
Options for Neon Application Software - Unidata ServerUnidata Part NumberDescription
Neon Application Software2301ANeon Data Initial Subscription Setup Fee
Neon Hosting Service2301A-01Neon Data Service Fee for 1-50 NRTs
Neon Hosting Service2301A-02Neon Data Service Fee for 51-100 NRTs
Neon Hosting Service2301A-10Neon Data Service Fee Metering
Options for Conventional Dataloggers / Field UnitsUnidata Part NumberDescription
Standards Starlogger6004D-11Red Logger 512K with Alkaline Battery
Display Starlogger6004D-21Blue Logger 512K with LCD and Alkaline Battery
Prologger7001D-11Green Logger 1M with LCD and Alkaline Battery
Micrologger8010C-EURMicrologger 512K
Starlogger Field Termination Strip6103E6004D FTS
Prologger Field Termination Strip7100E7001D FTS
Starlog V4 Management Software6308A-AUEStarlog V4 Full Licence Key